PERBINCANGAN BERKAITAN AGAMA DAN KETUHANAN DALAM FACEBOOK “WARUNG ATHEIST” DARI PERSPEKTIF LOGIK DAN EMOSI

The Discussion on Religion and God in Facebook “Warung Athiest” from the Logic and Emotional Perspective

Authors

  • Muhamad Faisal Ashaari Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Siti Hanisah Sabri Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33102/abqari.vol15no1.28

Keywords:

ateisme, ateis baharu, logik dan emosi, Facebook Warung Atheist

Abstract

Atheism is a belief system that rejects the existence of the god and irrelevant of religion. With the advancement of information technology today, advocates of this belief are more aggressive in defending their stand against any belief that certifies the existence of the god. They attempt to disseminate their belief to all people; and more than that, they aggressively attack Islam in the social media especially Facebook. This study analyses their discussion on religion and god from two aspects; the first is the logic that consists of fact and logical fallacy; the second is emotion that is divided into insults, insinuating, meddling and questioning. Hence, this study concentrates one of pages Facebook that focusing on discussions related to atheism namely Facebook “Warung Atheist”. Data were collected for 4 months from August to November 2017 and analysis was done using content analysis. The findings show that they use a lot of emotional approaches in expressing their dissatisfaction with divine concepts and religious issues, especially with Islam. At the same time, a few users of the site give the view supported by the fact while some others use logical fallacy when they make their own conclusions on certain issue which are far from the reality.

 

Keywords: atheism, new atheist, logic and emotional, Facebook Warung Atheist.

 

Abstrak

Ateisme merupakan kepercayaan yang menolak kewujudan Tuhan dan menganggap sama tidak relevan. Dengan kemajuan teknologi maklumat pada hari ini, pendukung pemikiran ini lebih agresif mempertahankan pendirian mereka biarpun bertentangan dengan semua agama. Mereka cuba menonjolkan pemikiran mereka kepada khalayak ramai dan secara lebih agresif lagi golongan ini menyerang agama Islam di media sosial terutamanya Facebook. Kajian ini menganalisis perbincangan mereka tentang agama dari dua sudut; Pertama, aspek logik yang dibahagikan kepada fakta dan logical fallacy; Kedua, aspek emosi yang dibahagikan kepada menghina, menyindir, mempersenda dan mempersoalkan. Justeru, kajian ini menumpukan kepada salah satu “Kumpulan” Facebook yang menumpukan kepada perbincangan berkaitan dengan ateisme iaitu Facebook Warung Atheist. Data diambil secara bertujuan selama empat bulan iaitu dari Ogos hingga November 2017 dan analisis dilakukan secara analisis kandungan. Hasil kajian mendapati mereka banyak menggunakan pendekatan emosi dalam menzahirkan rasa tidak puas hati mereka terhadap konsep keTuhanan serta isu keagamaan terutamanya agama Islam. Dalam masa yang sama, ada segelintir pengguna laman tersebut memberikan pandangan yang dikukuhkan dengan fakta dan sebilangan yang lain menggunakan logical fallacy apabila membuat kesimpulan sendiri dalam sesuatu perkara yang jauh dari realiti.

 

Keywords: ateisme, ateis baharu, logik dan emosi, Facebook Warung Atheist.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdul Salam Hj. Yussof, S. N. (2010). Kemahiran berfikir kreatif, kritis dan inovatif. Bangi: Pusat Pengajian Umum.

Ainon Mohd & Abdullah Hassan. (1999). Kursus berfikir untuk kolej dan universiti. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn Bhd.

Amarnath Amarasingam. (2010). Introduction: What is the new atheism? Dalam Amarnath Amarasingam (pnyt.). Religion and the New Atheism: A Critical Appraaisal, hlm. 1-8. Leiden: Boston.

Anderson, Jon W. (2003). New media, new publics: Reconfiguring the public sphere of Islam. Social Research, 70(3), 887-907.

Azizi Yahaya, Noordin Yahaya & Zurihanmi Zakariya. (2005). Psikologi kognitif. Johor: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Benedictus A. Simangunsong. (2016). Interaksi antara manusia melalui media sosial facebook mengenai topik keagamaan. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 3(1), 65-76.

Bunt, G. R. (2003). Islam in the digital age: e-Jihad, online fatwas and cyber Islamic environments. London: Pluto Press.

Campbell, H. (2006). Religion and the Internet. Communication research trends, 25(1), 1-44.

Chalfant, E. (2011). Thank God i’m an atheist: Deconversion narratives on the Internet. Tesis Sarjana, Fakulti Sains dan Seni, Wake Forest University, North Carolina.

Cimino, R. & Smith, C. (2011). The new atheism and the formation of the imagined secularist community. Journal of Media and Religion, 10(1), 24-38.

Craig, W. L. (2010). The New Atheism and Five Arguments for God. https://www.reasonablefaith.org/writings/popular-writings/existence-nature-of-god/the-new-atheism-and-five-arguments-for-god/ [2 Ogos 2018].

Dani Vardiansyah. (2005). Filsafat ilmu komunikasi: Suatu pengantar. Jakarta: Indeks.

Denning, D. E. (2004). Activism, Hacktivism and Cyberterrorism: the Internet as a Tool for Influencing Foreign Policy. Dlm. John Arquilla, David Ronfeldt (pnyt.). Networks and netwars: The future of terror, crime and militancy. 239-288. US: Rand Corporation.

Edis, T. (2015). Finding an enemy: Islam and the new atheism. Dalam Ruqayya Yasmine Khan (pnyt.). Muhammad in the digital age. 174-192. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Edwi Arief Sosiawan. (2011). Penggunaan situs jejaring sosial sebagai media interaksi dan komunikasi di kalangan mahasiswa. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 9(1), 60-75.

Ehniger, D. (1974). Influence, belief and argument: An introduction to responsible persuasion. Glenview: Scott Foresman & Co.

Eickelman, Dale F. & Anderson, Jon W. (1997). Print, Islam, and the prospect for civic pluralism: New religious writings and their audiences. Journal of Islamic Studies, 8(1), 43-62.

Eickelman, Dale F. & Anderson, Jon W. (2003). New media in the Muslim world: The emerging public sphere (2nd ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Emilson, W.W. (2012). The new atheism and Islam. The Expository Times, 123(11): 521-528.

Fogelin, Robert J. and Timothy J. Duggan. (1987). “Fallacies,” Argumentation 1: 255-262.

Galley, P. (1996). Computer terrorism; What are the risks? http://www.genevalink.ch/pgalley/infosec/sts_en/terrinfo.html [2 Ogos 2015]

Helland, C. (2005). Online religion as lived religion: methodological issues in the study of the religious participation on the Internet. Online-Heidelberg Journals of Religions on the Internet, 1(1), 1-16.

Kettell, S. (2013). Faithless: the politics of new atheism. Secularism and Nonreligion 2: 61-78.

Kettell, S. (2016). What’s really new about new atheism? Palgrave Communications 2: 16099.

Kluge, I. (2009). The new atheism – A Baha’i perspective. Light of Irfan Book 13: Irfan Colloquia and Seminars 2012, 137-202.

Koszowy, M. (2003). On the concepts of logical fallacy and logical error. OSSA Conference Archive 5: 61.

LeDrew, S. (2017). Faith in Progress: Evolutionism and the New Atheism. Dalam Kurasawa, F. Interrogating the Social: A Critical Sociology for the 21st Century. Switzeland: Spinger Nature.

Mandaville, Peter. (2003). Communication and diasporic Islam: A virtual ummah? Dalam Karim H. Karim (pnyt.). The Media of Diaspora, 135-147. London: Routledge.

Mukhtar Effendi. (2010). Peranan Internet sebagai media komunikasi. Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi, 4(1), 130-142.

Nitin, Ankush, Siddhartha, Kapil Anuj, Sheene, Kanika, Kunal Chawla, Kunal Jain & Manav Bhasin. (2012). Classification of flames in computer mediated communications. International Journal of Computer Applications, 14(6), 21-26.

Parker, Donn B. (1998). Fighting computer crime: A new framework for protecting information. New York: John Wiley & Son.

Schneier, B. (2000). Semantic network attacks. Communications of the ACM, 43(12), 168.

Siti Nazifatulhayat Yusoff. 2015. Keganasan siber menerusi facebook “murtads in Malaysia and Singapore. Tesis Sarjana, Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Selangor.

Smith, W. C. (2004). Islam in modern history. McGill University: Princeton University Press.

Whitaker, B. (2014). Arabs without God: Atheism and freedom of belief in the middle east. t.tp.: Create Space Independent Publishing Platform.

Zulkifli al-Bakri. 2008. Irsyad al-hadith siri ke-127: Umur Aisyah Ra. http://www.muftiwp.gov.my/v4/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1455:irsyad-al-hadith-siri-ke-127-umur-aisyah-ra&catid=84&Itemid=425&lang=en [31 Julai 2018].

Published

2018-12-26

How to Cite

[1]
Ashaari, M.F. and Sabri, S.H. 2018. PERBINCANGAN BERKAITAN AGAMA DAN KETUHANAN DALAM FACEBOOK “WARUNG ATHEIST” DARI PERSPEKTIF LOGIK DAN EMOSI: The Discussion on Religion and God in Facebook “Warung Athiest” from the Logic and Emotional Perspective. ‘Abqari Journal. 15, 1 (Dec. 2018), 65-79. DOI:https://doi.org/10.33102/abqari.vol15no1.28.