Handling Relaps Using Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)


  • Amin Al Haadi Shafie Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
  • Azad Athahiri Anuar Fakutli Pendidikan, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
  • Norsayyidatina Che Rozudi Fakulti Pendidikan dan Pembangunan Manusia, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris
  • Wan Ahmad Zakry Wan Kamaruddin Kolej Permata Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
  • Nurul Ashikin Miskam Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
  • Musa Mohamad Kolej Permata Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia



CBT, relapse, drugs, efficacy, prevention


Drug abuse has been declared as the number one enemy of the country since 1983. Various efforts have been conducted by the government to help address the problems of drug abuse. The increasing number of drug addicts is not only due to the number of new drug addicts, but also relapse cases. Relapse is caused by 'Triggers' in which the addict feels 'Craving' for drugs. 'Trigger' can be: (1) people, (2) place, (3) situation and (4) drugs itself. There are techniques to help in address the problem of relapse according to the cognitive behavior Therapy. This technique is called 'Relapse Prevention Techniques' (RP) which involving seven (7) steps. The Seven steps are: (1) Identify the level of motivation of the clients, (2) Identify risk situations, (3) change the lifestyle, (4) Identify the client’s process of relapse, (5) identify when the clients made irrelevant decisions (6)Identify  cognitive factors related to relapse and (7) Management of risk situations.


Keywords: CBT, relapse, drugs, efficacy, prevention.




Penyalahgunaan dadah telah di istiharkan sebagai musuh nombor satu negara sejak tahun 1983. Pelbagai usaha dan kempen kerajaan telah dijalankan untuk membantu menangani masalah penyalahgunaan dadah ini. Peningkatan bilangan penagih dadah bukan hanya disebabkan bilangan penagih dadah bertambah, tetapi juga bertambahnya bilangan mereka yang menjadi penagih berulang. Penagihan berulang ini disebabkan masalah relaps yang dihadapi oleh mereka yang sudah berhenti dari menyalahguna dadah.  Terdapat beberapa  faktor pencetus atau triger dimana penagih  terasa ’Craving’ teringin untuk  menagih atau memgambil dadah kembali. Triger boleh berbentuk: (1) orang, (2) tempat, (3) situasi dan (4) barang. Terapi kognitif tingkah laku memperkenalkan Teknik Pencegahan Relaps (Relapses Prevention) yang melibatkan tujuh langkah  iaitu: (1) Mengenalpasti tahap motivasi klien, (2) Mengenalpasti situasi berisiko, (3) Mengubah gaya hidup, (4) Mengenalpasti proses relaps klien, (5) Mengenalpasti situasi klien membuat keputusan yang tidak releven, (6) mengeal pasti faktor kognitif yang berkaitan dengan relaps dan (7) pengurusan situasi berisiko.


Kata Kunci: CBT, relaps, dadah, efikasi, pencegahan. 


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How to Cite

Shafie, A.A.H., Anuar, A.A., Che Rozudi, N., Wan Kamaruddin, W.A.Z., Miskam, N.A. and Mohamad, M. 2019. MENANGANI RELAPS DENGAN TEKNIK TERAPI TINGKAH LAKU DAN KOGNITIF (CBT): Handling Relaps Using Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT). ‘Abqari Journal. 13, 1 (Jan. 2019), 39–47. DOI:

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