AL-'ABQARI: Journal of Islamic Social Sciences and Humanities 2020-04-28T07:22:58+00:00 Chief Editor Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify; background: white; margin: 0in 0in 7.5pt 0in;"><strong><span style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Lato','sans-serif'; color: #555555;">Al-‘Abqari Journal</span></strong><span style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Lato','sans-serif'; color: #555555;">&nbsp;is a refereed academic journal published biannually in May and October since 2015 (was published annually from 2011 to 2014) by USIM Press (Penerbit USIM) and managed by the Faculty of Leadership and Management, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM).&nbsp;The main objective of its publication is to become a platform for academicians and researchers to share their findings, new ideas and expertise towards an integration of Islam and modern knowledge or integration of Naqli and 'Aqli Knowledge&nbsp;as well as for the development of Muslim Ummah theoretically and practically. The scopes of this journal are on Dakwah and Islamic Management,Islamic Leadership, Usuluddin and Comparative Religion, Islamic Philosophy and Thought, Islamic Ethics and Sufism, Communication and Media Studies, Counseling and Psychology, Community Development, Studies in Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation as well as Language and Communication.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify; background: white; margin: 0in 0in 7.5pt 0in;">&nbsp;</p> <p>The editorial board various categories of articles to be considered for publication here which have not been published or considered to be published in other journals. We accept original, full, regular, experimental, theoretical and empirical articles. We also accept general review, conceptual articles as well as short communication, notes, letters and opinions.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>THEMES</strong></p> <ol> <li class="show">Islamic Leadership</li> <li class="show">Da’wah and Islamic Management</li> <li class="show">Usuluddin and Comparative Religion</li> <li class="show">Islamic Philosophy and Thought</li> <li class="show">Islamic Ethics and Sufism</li> <li class="show">Counselling and Psychology</li> <li class="show">Communication and Media Studies</li> <li class="show">Community Development</li> <li class="show">Studies in Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation</li> <li class="show">Communication</li> <li class="show">Education and Language</li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify; background: white; margin: 0in 0in 7.5pt 0in;">&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Jurnal Al-‘Abqari adalah sebuah jurnal akademik berwasit berasaskan ilmu-ilmu Islam yang diterbitkan dua kali setahun setiap bulan May dan Oktober bermula pada tahun 2015 (diterbitkan sekali setahun dari 2011-2014) oleh Penerbit USIM dan diuruskan oleh Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia. Objektif utama penerbitannya ialah untuk mewujudkan saluran kepada ahli akademik dan penyelidik untuk berkongsi dapatan kajian, idea baru dan kepakaran yang menyumbang kepada integrasi Islam dan ilmu moden serta pembangunan ummah dari sudut teori dan amali. Skop jurnal ini meliputi bidang Dakwah dan Pengurusan Islam, Kepimpinan Islam, Usuluddin dan Perbandingan Agama, Akhlak dan Tasawwuf, Komunikasi dan Media, Kaunseling dan Psikologi, Pembangunan Sosial, Kajian Rawatan dan Pemulihan Dadah serta Bahasa dan Komunikasi.</em></p> <p>مجلة العبقري، هي مجلة علمية محكمة تصدرمرتين في السنة (من 2015) من كلية القيادة والإدارة، جامعة العلوم الإسلامية الماليزية. &nbsp;الهدف من هذه المجلة هو أن تكون ملتقى الأكاديميين والباحثين لنشر انتاجاتهم &nbsp;الفكرية وآرائهم وخبراتهم الجديدة للدمج بين الإسلام والعلوم الحديثة,&nbsp;والتكامل بين&nbsp;العلوم النقلية والعقلية لبناء الأمة الإسلامية نظرياً وعملياً. وتركز المجلة على المجالات الآتية: الدعوة والإدارة الإسلامية، والقيادة الإسلامية، وأصول الدين ومقارنة الأديان، الفكر الإسلامي والفلسفة الإسلامية، والأخلاق الإسلامية والتصوف، والإتصالات والدراسات الإعلامية، والإستشارية وعلم النفس، وتنمية المجتمع، ودراسات في علاج المخدرات وإعادة التأهيل، وكذلك اللغة والإتصالات.</p> <p>The editorial board welcomes various categories of articles to be considered for publication here which have not been published or considered to be published in other journals.&nbsp;We accept original, full, regular, experimental, theoretical and empirical articles. We also accept general review, conceptual articles as well as short communication, notes, letters and opinions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>MANUSCRIPTS</strong></p> <p>Manuscripts &nbsp;can be written in either Malay, English or Arabic language and must be typed in a format of single spacing between the lines in an A4 sized paper. The font to be used must be a Times New Roman in size 12 for the text and 10 for footnotes. For Arabic, the font to be used must be the Traditional Arabic font with size 16 for the text and 12 for the footnotes. The length of the article should not be more than 7000 words in length (excluding the abstract, references, notes/footnotes, tables and/or figures). All submitted articles will be subjected to a double-blind review by an anonymous and independent reviewer.</p> <p>&nbsp;Manuscripts submitted to the Journal is not returnable whether they are accepted for publication or not.</p> <p>&nbsp;Published articles does not necessarily represent the views of the Leadership and Management Faculty and the Management board of Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia. Writers are responsible for their writings. Articles received by the editorial board is assumed to have never been published or considered for publication at another journal. The Abqari editorial board is not responsible for any matters arising due to this.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>CONTRIBUTORS</strong></p> <p>Contributors must to provide a brief biodata which includes the full name, title, name of the organisation, address, and email address.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>PEER REVIEW</strong></p> <p>Al-‘Abqari journal uses double-blind review. All manuscripts submitted to al-‘Abqari Journal are subjects to initial appraisal by the Editors, and, if found suitable for further consideration, to blind peer review by at least two independent, anonymous experts in the field. Comments from appointed reviewers are sent to the authors and they are notified of the journal’s decision (suc as; accept, accept with revisions, reject). Author’s will be asked to revise the manuscript accordingly. This entire review process will take anyhwere between 4 and 6 months after submission of the manuscript. The refview process is treated confidentially at all times. The Editors’ decision is final.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>COPYRIGHT AND STYLE</strong></p> <p>The editorial board holds the copyright to the article published in the journal. Al-‘Abqari journal follows the APA (<em>American Psychological Association</em>) style for all in-text citation. The Chicago style for footnote referencing system is only accepted for certain situation (i.e. Special Issue).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>All articles are to be submitted with two abstracts in two languages (one of them must be in Malay or English). For example, for an article that is written in Malay, the abstract has to be written in Malay and English. Arabic article should provide abstract in Arabic and English. English article should provide abstract in English and Malay. Abstract should not be more than 100 words for original manuscript, and 200 words for non-original manuscript. 3-5 keywords are to accompany the abstract.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>ETHICS STATEMENT</strong></p> <p>For al-‘Abqari Journal Ethics Statement, please visit:</p> <p></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>ARTICLE SUBMISSION</strong></p> <p>The editorial board has the right to publish or not to publish articles that had been submitted for evaluation. All manuscripts (in Microsoft Word format) are to be sent via Abqari Open Journal System: All queries regarding the journal can be addressed to:-</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>Chief Editor</p> <p>Al-‘Abqari Journal,</p> <p>Faculty of Leadership and Management,</p> <p>Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM),</p> <p>Bandar Baru Nilai,</p> <p>71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan,</p> <p>Malaysia</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Tel: 06-7988185/8724</p> <p>Fax: 06-7988244</p> <p><strong>Email:</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Website: </strong><strong></strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Islamic Work Ethics and Fraud Deterrence in The Malaysian Public Sector 2020-04-28T07:22:56+00:00 Norziaton Ismail Khan Fadzillah M.D Yusof Yusof Emmarelda M.A <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between Islamic Work Ethics attributes namely quality of work, wages and, transparency and fraud deterrence. Theory of Planned Behavior is used to form the framework and develop the hypotheses to be examined. The data were collected using questionnaires and out of 200 that were distributed only 101 are usable. Three hypotheses were developed for this study. Two hypotheses are supported, namely quality of work and transparency. This shows that practicing Islamic values in the workplace can contribute to the welfare and prosperity of all stakeholders as a whole.</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Empowering Muslim Rohingya Youth Refugees: A Baseline Study of Literacy 2020-04-28T07:22:56+00:00 Suraini Mohd Ali Hazleena Baharun Hazlina Abdullah Dini Farhana Baharudin Mohd. Zaliridzal Zakaria Habibah Ismail Noor Saazai Mat Saad Fariza Puteh Behak <p style="text-align: justify;">In adult refugees’ context, functional literacy is the biggest barrier for the refugees to socially navigate in the host community. Functional literacy is ‘the level of skill in listening, speaking, reading and writing that any individual needs in order to cope with adult life.’ Without functional literacy abilities in the language/s of the host country and uncertainties in the journey to resettlement, the refugees tend to become very vulnerable and traumatized. Thus, social navigation for survival becomes an issue not only because they have language barriers but also internal conflicts on the terrains of the imagined (the hopes) and the unexpected (the difficulties) they encounter in the host country. Employing both qualitative and quantitative data collection tools, this study explored the current English language literacy ability of the Rohingya youth refugees and related challenges. Findings revealed that despite the keen interests the participants have in acquiring English language proficiency, the different alphabetical systems pose problems for them. Despite the challenges in language, the participants exhibited strong sense of brotherhood with other fellow refugees and willingness to extend assistance. Religion developed the powerful bond. Based on the empirical data gathered, a Functional Literacy Course was developed to address language issues embedded with Leadership as well as Islamic Psycho-spiritual elements.</p> 2020-04-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Reflecting Al-Hima on “Kinship Mindfulness” Within The Ammatoan’s Indigenous Kinship System for The Nature Sustainability Through Life Simplicity 2020-04-28T07:22:56+00:00 Nurmiati Syarifuddin Rohaiza Rokis Engku Ahmad Zaki Engku Alwi Al Aydarus <p style="text-align: justify;">This article studies exceptional indigenous-spiritual affections for ecological preservation through practicing a simple life. The main initiative of this study is to understand nature preservation practices of two communities of diverse continents – the Ammatoans and Arabs. The article is not designed to compare both, but a mere effort to link the indigenous-spiritual practices in respecting nature for ensuring sustainable resources on earth today through nature preservation i.e. forest, pasture and alike. The Arabs’ concept of “al-Hima” is a reflection of the Ammatoans’ “kinship mindfulness” – a new concept which this article is proposing. The article found the mindful intention, attention and attitude towards the forest in the Ammatoan’s kinship system mirror to the ancient old practice of grassland preservation among the Arabs. The data found that Ammatoans have huge respect for their forest. They are fully aware of the necessity to preserve the forest not only because the forest is an asset but most importantly is part of their spiritual life. To be mindful, they are guided by the <em>Pasang Ri-Kajang </em>– their indigenous handbook that obligates for forest preservation. The Ammatoan’s “kinship mindfulness” of West Sulawesi is particularly consistent with the "al-Hima” of the Arabs in the Middle East.</p> 2020-04-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Gaya Bahasa ‘Aṭf dengan Waw dalam Surah Al-Rūm 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Mohamad Hussin Muhammad Hakim Kamal <p style="text-align: justify;">Kajian ini merupakan kajian teks yang memfokuskan kepada penggunaan gaya bahasa <em>‘aṭf</em> dengan <em>Waw</em> dalam surah <em>al-Rūm</em>. Dalam melakukan analisis ini, lima ayat daripada surah <em>al-Rūm</em> diambil sebagai bahan kajian. Fokus kajian adalah untuk meneliti perkaitan antara elemen <em>‘aṭf</em> iaitu <em>ma‘ṭūf ‘alayh</em> dan <em>ma‘ṭūf</em> yang terdapat dalam ayat kajian. Dalam melakukan kajian ini, teori Ibn Qayyim (t.t) yang menekankan keperluan mendahului elemen yang perlu didahulukan dan mengkemudiankan elemen yang perlu dikemudiankan diaplikasi. Kajian mendapati perkaitan antara elemen <em>‘aṭf</em> mengisyaratkan kepada suatu makna tertentu yang menggambarkan keindahan linguistik al-Quran. Keimanan dan melakukan amalan kebaikan yang digandingkan bersama mengisyaratkan kepada kedudukan iman sebagai asas penerimaan sesuatu amalan kebaikan. Perkaitan antara kasih sayang dan kasihan belas mengisyaratkan kepada peringkat yang ditempuhi dalam kehidupan berumah tangga. Manakala perkaitan antara pergerakan awan nipis lalu membentuk awan tebal bergumpal mengisyaratkan kepada <em>i‘jāz</em> saintifik dalam al-Quran yang menyatakan fungsi angin dalam proses pembentukan awan.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This study is a text study that focuses on the use of the speech act of <em>‘aṭf</em> with <em>waw</em> in surah <em>al-Rūm</em>. In doing this analysis, five verses from surah <em>al-Rūm</em> were taken as the research samples. The focus of this study is to explore the connection between the elements of <em>ma‘ṭūf ‘alayh</em> and <em>ma‘ṭūf</em> contained in the samples. In doing this study Ibn Qayyim (t.t) theory has been applied to emphasize the element that needs to be preceded and delays the element that needs to be delayed. The study found that the connection between the <em>‘aṭf</em> element indicates a certain meaning that illustrates the linguistic beauty of the Qur’an. Faith and good deeds illustrate position of faith as the basis of acceptance of good deeds. The connection between affection and compassion indicates the phase in the marriage life. The connection between movements of thin cloud and the forming of thick clouds indicates the scientific <em>i‘jāz</em> in the Qur’an which states the function of the wind in the process of cloud formation.</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Kefahaman Pengetua Cemerlang Terhadap Amalan Pengurusan Islam di Sekolah 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Siti Sumaiyya Salim <p style="text-align: justify;">Kajian berkenaan dengan kefahaman pengetua cemerlang terhadap pengurusan Islam adalah sangat penting dalam memastikan sistem persekolahan mencapai objektif dan visi sekolah. Kemajuan dan kecemerlangan sekolah bergantung kepada strategi pengurusan pengetua yang cekap dan berkualiti serta kefahaman yang mendalam dalam mentadbir sesebuah sekolah dengan berlandaskan pengurusan Islam. Kajian ini adalah tertumpu kepada pengetua cemerlang pada beberapa buah sekolah di Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. Kaedah penyelidikan yang digunakan adalah kualitatif. Hasil dapatan kajian menunjukkan kefahaman pengetua cemerlang dalam pengurusan Islam merangkumi tiga konsep iaitu tawhidik, budaya Itqan dan nilai insan. Ia menggambarkan pengetua cemerlang merupakan pemimpin dalam sesebuah organisasi terutamanya organisasi yang berteraskan Islam perlulah memahami dan mengamalkan ajaran Islam dengan lebih tulus bagi meningkatkan sistem persekolahan yang cemerlang.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Studies on the understanding of good principals in Islamic management are crucial in ensuring that the school system meets the school's objectives and vision. The success of the school depends on the efficient and quality management strategies of the principals as well as the deep understanding of managing a school based on Islamic management. This study is focused on principals at several schools in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. The research method used is qualitative. The results of this study show that the principal's understanding of Islamic management encompasses three concepts namely <em>tawhidik</em>, <em>itqan</em> and human values. It depicts the principal who is a leader in an organization, especially in an Islamic-based organization, who needs to understand and practice the teachings of Islam more effectively in order to improve the school system performance.</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Kesediaan Pelajar Generasi Z di Universiti Malaysia Kelantan dalam Pembelajaran Teradun Bahasa Arab dalam Era IR4.0 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Ahmad Zaki Amiruddin Zulazhan Ab. Halim Nurkhamimi Zainuddin <p style="text-align: justify;">Era IR4.0 telah mencetuskan anjakan paradigma dalam pelbagai sektor, termasuk sektor pendidikan melalui penerapan gabungan teknologi; e-pembelajaran dengan pembelajaran bersemuka yang dikenali sebagai pembelajaran teradun. Kajian ini diketengahkan bagi mengenal pasti tahap kesediaan pelajar Generasi Z (Gen-Z) di Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK) dalam pembelajaran teradun bahasa Arab. Kaedah kuantitatif telah dimanfaatkan dalam kajian ini dengan menumpukan kepada analisis statistik deskriptif melalui edaran soal selidik yang melibatkan pelajar UMK. Dapatan menunjukkan kesediaan responden untuk pembelajaran teradun bahasa Arab pada tahap tinggi. Oleh itu, dicadangkan kajian berkaitan pembelajaran teradun perlu lebih giat dijalankan pada masa akan datang kerana pelajar Gen-Z bersedia menerimanya.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The era of IR4.0 led to a rapid paradigm in various sectors, including the education sector through the adoption of technology combination; e-learning and face-to-face learning, known as blended learning (BL). This study was designed to identify the readiness level of generation z (Gen-Z) students at Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK) for Arabic BL. The quantitative method was utilized in this study by focusing on descriptive statistical analysis through the distribution of questionnaires among UMK students. The results showed that the readiness among the respondents for Arabic blended learning at a high level. Hopefully, for future, the BL-related studies should be more exposed because of Gen-Z students' acceptance and their readiness.</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Hubungan antara Francaisor dan Francaisi dalam Pelaksanaan Perniagaan Francais Menurut Al-Qur'an Al-Karim 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Mohd Huefiros Efizi Husain Noor Naemah Abdul Rahman Nor Fahimah Mohd Razif <p style="text-align: justify;">Artikel ini bertujuan mengenalpasti dalil berkaitan yang ditemui dalam Al-Qur'an al-Karim terhadap hubungan di antara francaisor dan francaisi di atas pelaksanaan perniagaan francais. Ia berperanan sebagai panduan secara menyeluruh sepanjang perjanjian berlangsung bagi membatasi berlakunya konflik yang boleh menyimpangi daripada matlamat francais dicapai. Manakala francais pula merupakan model industri yang dilengkapi dengan pakej sedia ada mengikut akta francais persekutuan seperti pendaftaran, latihan dan pemasaran bergantung kepada kehendak syarikat francais masing-masing. Oleh itu, kajian ini mengkelaskan dalil daripada al-Qur'an al-Karim yang berkaitan dengan hubungan francaisor dan francaisi bagi memudahkan rujukan dilakukan mengikut sudut tertentu. Metodologi analisis kualitatif diaplikasikan dalam kajian ini supaya objektif kajian berjaya dipenuhi melibatkan kaedah kepustakaan terhadap pembacaan daripada pelbagai sumber. Hasil kajian mendapati hubungan kedua-duanya dapat ditemui dalam al-Qur'an melibatkan di antaranya sudut pengetahuan, pematuhan dan pertolongan. Kajian ini mencadangkan agar kepentingan memelihara hubungan di kalangan pengusaha perniagaan francais dapat disedari dengan baik berpandukan dalil daripada sumber pertama perundangan syara' dan berupaya memenuhi setiap hak pihak yang terlibat.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This article seeks to identify the relevant evidence found in the Quran on the relationship between franchisors and franchisees in the conduct of franchise business. It serves as a comprehensive guide throughout the agreement to limit conflicts that may deviate from achieving the goals of franchising While franchise is an industry model that comes with existing packages under the federal franchise act such as registration, training and marketing depending on the needs of their respective franchise companies. Therefore, this study describes the evidence in the Quran in relation to franchisors and franchisees relationship to make reference easier for certain angles. The qualitative methodology was applied in this study so that the objectives of the study were successfully fulfilled involving library research method by reading from various sources. The results show that the relationship between the two can be found in the Quran involving knowledge, obedience and help. This study suggests that the importance of maintaining relationships among franchise business owners is well understood based on the evidence from the first source of Islamic law and strive to fulfill every right of the parties involved.</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 الارتباطات السياسية في فضائية فلسطين وأثرها على التغطية الإخبارية مفهوم القدس 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Ihab Ahmed Awais <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong>تعد قضية القدس عنصراً&nbsp; أساسياً لا يمكن تجاهله في مكونات القضية الفلسطينية، بل قد تمتد أهميتها لتطغى بالنسبة للفلسطينيين على أهمية الإنسان نفسه وبقاءه، لذلك كانت هي بوصلة الثورات والانتفاضات وقبلتهم، ورغم هذه الأهمية إلا أنها عانت من غياب وضبابية في تحديد مفهوم وشكل وجودها في أجندة الأحزاب الفلسطينية الرئيسية وعلى رأسها حركة فتح الممثلة للسلطة الفلسطينية،&nbsp; وانعكست هذه الضبابية على الخطاب الإعلامي الذي صاغته عبر وسائل اعلامها بشكل عام وعلى رأسها فضائية فلسطين، ليبدو أن القدس بالنسبة لها قد لا تنطلق من ثوابت، وإنما من محددات سياسية تخضع للتغيير والتأويل وإعادة القولبة، انطلاقاً من هذه النظرية يحاول هذا البحث تحليل التغطية الإخبارية والخطاب الإعلامي لدى فضائية فلسطين، وتحديد حجم اهتمامهما بموضوع القدس وقضاياها كماً ونوعاً، مستخدماً منهج تحليل المضمون كأداة بحثية، حيث أشارت النتائج إلى تباين واضح في التغطية الإعلامية في المواضيع المتعلقة بقضايا القدس ومستجداتها من حيث الوقت والقالب، حيث غلب على التغطية ردات الفعل والمناسبية في التغطية، مع ظهور واضح للمفاهيم والمفردات السياسية على تحديد مفهوم وشكل مدينة القدس من منطلق الاتفاقيات السياسية ما بين حركة فتح ودولة الاحتلال.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Despite the importance of Al-Quds in the Palestinian cause, Al-Quds suffered from ambiguity in defining its concept and the form of its presence in the agenda of the main Palestinian parties, particularly by Fatah that represented the Palestinian Authority. This ambiguity has reflected and formulated, especially in Palestine TV. Thus, the concept of Al-Quds for the channel may not be based on constants sides, but rather on political commitments that are subject to change and interpretation. This paper analysed the news and media coverage of Palestine TV and determined the allocation size of their interest in Al-Quds issues in quantity and quality, using the content analysing methodology. The results indicated a bright contrast in the media coverage in the topics related to Al-Quds issues and developments in terms of time allotted and the template used. However, the coverage of the channel was dominated by reactions and the developments in events, with the emergence of clear concepts and political vocabulary on the definition of the concept and form of Al-Quds from the political agreements between Fatah movement and the occupation state.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 أهمية كتابة الألفاظ المقترضة من العربية للملايوية بالكتابة الجاوية في تعليم اللغة العربية لمتعلمي اللغة العربية الملايويين 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Yaakob Hasan Mariam Daud <p style="text-align: justify;">The history dates years ago that emergence of Islam in Malay Peninsular via trading producing the fraction form of these two languages, where the Malay language loaned various word from the Arabic particularly religion words. Besides, the Malays also used the Arabic alphabets in their writing system and add 5 letters due on the language original voice and they named the writing system as Jawi. On the contrary, the existence of Romanized of Malay language today backlash the Jawi morphology order in which it defers with Arabic language morphology system simultaneously. Thus, this could lead the Malay-Arabic Learners to derangement of study. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the differences between loan words writing in Jawi. The researcher used the descriptive study in the interpretation and analysis of differences in the writings. The researcher also used the comparative study in these two language writings. The study concludes that the loaned words changes in the phonetic and the writing system could lead to the commotion of the Malay learners. It is expected that this study will benefit to the writers of teaching Arabic for the Malay speakers and set up a full reference for the Arabic loan words and clarify the changes phonetically or writing or semantically.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ملخص البحث</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">يذكر التاريخ أنّ الإسلام دخل إلى الجزر الملايوية عن طريق التجارة وبطريقة سلمية، وحدث بين اللغة العربية واللغة الملايوية احتكاك لغوي؛ حيث اقترضت اللغة الملايوية الكثير من الألفاظ العربية ومعظمها تتعلق بالدين، كما استخدم الشعب الملايوي الحروف العربية في كتابة لغتهم وزادوا عليها خمسة أحرف بسبب عدم وجود أصوات تلك الحروف في لغتهم وأطلقوا عليها بالكتابة الجاوية، ومن ناحية أخرى نلاحظ في ظل وجود الكتابة الرومية أو اللاتينية أنّ الكثير من الكلمات العربية المقترضة للملايوية أصبحت كتابتها في قواعد الكتابة الجاوية تختلف عن قواعد كتابة اللغة العربية الفصحى، الأمر الذي أدّى إلى تشويش لدى طلبة اللغة العربية الملايويين. وتحاول هذه الدراسة إبراز الأسباب التي أدّت إلى اختلاف كتابة الكلمات المقترضة في الكتابة الجاوية حيث يستعين الباحث بالمنهج الوصفي في تفسير وتحليل الاختلاف في الكتابتين والمنهج المقارن في المقارنة بين النظامين. وقد توصلت الدراسة إلى أنّ الألفاظ المقترضة اعترتها تغييرات صوتية وكتابية الأمر الذي يسبب تشويش لدى متعلمي اللغة العربية الملايويين؛ حيث ينبغي لمؤلفي المناهج التعليمية الاستفادة من هذه الدراسة عند تأليفهم لكتب تعليمية عربية للملايويين كما تقترح الدراسة إيجاد مرجع كامل عن الألفاظ المقترضة من العربية للملايوية توضح جميع التغيرات التي اعترتها سواء الصوتية أو الكتابية أو الدلالية.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 جودة الحكومة الإلكترونية وأثرها في بيئة العمل دراسة ميدانية بمكتب وزير الدولة في محافظة ظفار بسلطنة عمان 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Akram Salim Ali Ghawas Najib Sheikh Abdisamad <p style="text-align: justify;">يتناول هذا المقال جودة الحكومة الإلكترونية وأبعادها، وأثرها في بيئة العمل، ودور مكتب وزير الدولة بمحافظة ظفار في سلطنة عمان في تطبيقيه تتلخص مشكلة الدراسة في عدم تطبيق الحكومة الإلكترونية وأثرها على بيئة العمل في مكتب وزير الدولة بمحافظة ظفار بسلطنة عمان ، لأسباب منها وجود العديد من المعوقات والتحديات; التي تحول دون تفعيل تطبيق الحكومة الإلكترونية , بأن الحكومة الإلكترونية غير فعالة في بعض الولايات والأقسام التابعة لمكتب وزير الدولة بمحافظة ظفار في سلطنة عمان ، وجود قصور في مكتب وزير الدولة بمحافظة ظفار بسلطنة عمان في تطبيق خدمة أهداف الحكومة الإلكترونية ، لذلك يهدف الباحث إلى مناقشة الحكومة الإلكترونية وأبعادها، ودور مكتب وزير الدولة بمحافظة ظفار في سلطنة عمان. أعتماد الباحث المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، وناقش الموضوع في مبحثين. دللت النتائج على إن استخدام الحكومة الالكترونية وتطبيقها تؤدي إلى خدمات أسرع وبجودة عالية وذلك من خلال تصميم هياكل جديدة تتسم بالمرونة لتتمكن من تعزيز قدرتها على التكيف مع الظروف الطارئة في بيئة عمل , وبما يتوافق مع توقعات الموظفين وحاجات متلقي الخدمة.&nbsp;<strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This article discusses the quality and dimensions of e-government, its impact on the working environment and the role of the Office of the Minister of State in Dhofar Governorate in the Sultanate of Oman in its applications. The problem of the study is that e-government does not apply to the working environment in the office of the Minister of State in the Governorate of Dhofar in the Sultanate of Oman, due to the existence of many obstacles and challenges in activating e-government application. Dhofar in the Sultanate of Oman, the existence of deficiencies in the Office of the Minister of State in Dhofar Sultanate of Oman in the application of the service objectives of e-government. The researcher adopted the analytical descriptive method, and discussed the subject in two sections. The results show that the use and application of e-government leads to faster and higher quality services by designing new flexible structures to enhance their ability to adapt to emergencies in a work environment and in line with the expectations of employees and the needs of service recipients.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 معالم الاهتداء عند الفتن في الزّمن الحاضر وأثرها في حياة الأمّة الإسلاميّة 2020-04-28T07:22:57+00:00 Muneer Ali Abdul Rab Baidar Mohammed Mohammed Hasan Mesbahul Hoque <p style="text-align: justify;">The conflict has increased within this nation and as a result, it has been weaken by tribulations and deviant. So the Nation is need of Landmarks for guidance on the right path. This research highlights the importance of these landmarks and shows their impact on the ummah. The researcher will take this inductive and analytical approach in his study in order to achieve the objectives. The study concluded that to adhere to the Qur'an and work by that is one of the greatest landmarks that guide the nation during the conflicts. As well as the awareness of religion is a significant landmark for once guidance at the time of conflict, and guides him to the bill of Righteousness. The culture of faith is one of the most vital landmarks that guide the Islamic Ummah in conflict, as it achieves its servanthood to Allah, and qualifies it to confront the troubles that may plague it. The consensus on what the righteous ancestors were: it is in which the religion and the world are fixed, and to be able to do so, and to achieve cooperation, love and union.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ملخّص</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">كثرت الفتن في هذه الأمّة، فأصابها الوهن والضّعف، لذا فهي بحاجة ماسّة إلى منارات تضيء لها السّبيل، ودلائل ومعالم تهتدي بها. إنّ البحث في هذا الموضوع من الأهمّيّة بمكان في هذا الزّمن، لذا جاء هذا البحث ليوضّح أهمّ هذه المعالم، ويبيّن أثرها على الأمّة الإسلاميّة. واتّبع الباحث في دراسته هذه المنهج الاستقرائي والتّحليلي، وذلك باستقراء المصادر المعتمدة في هذا الموضوع؛ لإثرائه بالمعلومات المتعلّقة به، وتحليلها، ثمّ الكشف عن أبرز هذه المعالم، وتوضيح أثرها على الأمّة. وخلصت الدّراسة إلى أنّ الاعتصام بالقرآن وتدبّره والعمل به من أعظم المعالم والمنارات الّتي تهتدي بها الأمّة عند الفتن والنّوازل، فهو سبيل إلى وحدتها ونجاتها وثباتها وعزّها وكرامتها. وكذلك يعدّ التّفقّه في الدّين من أجلّ معالم اهتدائها عند الفتن، فهو الّذي يبنيها على العقيدة السّليمة، ويرشدها إلى شرعه القويم، الّذي يحقّق لها رضا الله -تعالى-، وسعادتها في الدّنيا، ونجاتها في الآخرة. كما أنّ التّربية الإيمانيّة من أهمّ المعالم؛ حيثّ إنّها تحقّق لها العبوديّة لله -تعالى- بشكلها الأمثل والأكمل، وتؤهّلها لمواجهة الصّعوبات الّتي قد تعتريها. والاجتماع على ما كان عليه السّلف الصّالح: فبه يصلح دينها ودنياها، وتتمكّن من أمرها، وتحقّق التّعاون والمحبّة والتّآخي والاتّحاد، فتستحقّ العلو والسّيادة والرّفعة والرّيادة.</p> 2020-04-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020